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When London’s Dragons Ruled Before Skyscrapers

Historically, property boundaries were generally demarcated by a physical object, either by a boundary marker or a fence to visually communicate the edges of land ownership. These were human impositions that represented a cultural, political, and social meaning upon a natural environment or within a settled area.

In present day, the use of markers for land ownership has largely been replaced by maps and land-title registration. International borders continue to rely on markers which are traditionally classified into two categories: natural boundaries correlating to topographical features such as rivers, forests, or mountain ranges, and artificial boundaries unassociated with topography.

Courtesy of Dhiru Thadani

Cast-iron statues of dragons on plinths demarcate entry thresholds into the one-square mile City of London. Commonly referred to as The City, it constitutes the Roman settlement in the 1st century AD extended to the Middle Ages, and contains the historic center and primary central business district. Due to extensive growth, The City is today one of thirty-three local authority districts of Greater London.

The tall, black Temple Bar Dragon fiercely stands guard on Fleet Street overlooking the boundary between the City of London and the City of Westminster. It is the most celebrated gateway to The City and was the point where the Lord Mayor would welcome the ruling monarchy. Charles B. Birch designed the 14-foot-tall dragon in 1880.


Courtesy of Dhiru Thadani

The other Dragon Boundary Markers that guard the gateways into the City of London are painted silver with their tongues highlighted in red. The City of London shield, integrated into each sculpture, is painted white and red. The design is based on two seven-foot-tall dragon sculptures that were mounted above the entrance to the 1849 Coal Exchange. The building was demolished in 1962. The two statues were preserved, however, and re-erected on six-foot-high plinths at the western boundary of the City. These dragons were the model for the additional Dragon Boundary Markers installed at other entry points into The City.

The Celts believed in dragons and used its symbol to portray strength and power. In mythical legends, dragons were associated with protection and defense—and in medieval romance stories they guarded captive women. Pertinent in England, the use of the dragon in the City of London coat of arms was probably influenced by the legend of Saint George, who slays the dragon and rescues the princess chosen as the next offering for human sacrifice.

Courtesy of Dhiru Thadani

Unfortunately, these well-intentioned dragons at the thresholds of the City of London have been unable to guard against the onslaught of hubristic architects and developers. Falsely proclaiming sustainability, their profit-driven, out-of-scale glass towers are destroying the historic character of this once beautiful City.

The outcome of the recent building boom in The City is discordance at every level. The cacophony of buildings rising to the east of St. Paul’s Cathedral leaves much to be desired, especially at the pedestrian level. The argument thrust upon insecure decision makers — that an iconic glass tower skyline is necessary for a city to be taken seriously as a financial center — is utter nonsense. One can only hope that this lesson from London will convince other cities that the emperors of glass towers have no clothes.

Dhiru A. Thadani is an architect and urbanist who has complete projects all over the world. He is a six-time Charter Award winner and the recipient of the Seaside Prize.

This post originally appeared at CNU Public Square [2], and was republished with permission from Dhiru Thadani.

6 Comments (Open | Close)

6 Comments To "When London’s Dragons Ruled Before Skyscrapers"

#1 Comment By Martin On January 11, 2019 @ 12:55 am

To break our souls and prepare us for “post-postmodernism”, or modernism redux with extra insanity but not even any pretensions towards authenticity, is their intention.


#2 Comment By CLW On January 11, 2019 @ 9:22 am

What a thoughtful and interesting piece; thank you, Dhiru Thadani!

#3 Comment By fabian On January 11, 2019 @ 2:43 pm

Building London one dildo at a time it seems, looking at the drawing. They are really losing there.

#4 Comment By Tomonthebeach On January 13, 2019 @ 2:47 pm

What architects may construct, BREXIT may very well topple. Maybe that is a bright side to it.

#5 Comment By Tom Cullem On January 14, 2019 @ 2:18 pm

Britain, and especially England, is a ruined country. Its capital city reflects its eager sell-off of what gave it its unique character, its mojo, its “soul” if you will, to modernity without a backward glance.

Friends of mine who lived on the Upper West Side of Manhattan for decades finally left about ten years ago. Regular users of Central Park, they reported that because of the ring of giant towers built around the park, 3:00PM began to look like 5PM. In the winter months, this meant that regular users of the park had their hours cut short.

What my friends gave as a reason for finally giving up and leaving was not just the astronomical rents, but the irreversible changes to their area’s character pushed through by greedy developers. “In the end, the developers always win,” my friends said sadly, as they departed for modest suburbs of Boston, a place that they felt still retained much of its character, despite the bitter winters.

In London, also, the developers always win, while the Mayor and everyone else talks about shared national values and community, whilst before their eyes ordinary folk see communities vanish, and London more and more resemble its own City State.

#6 Comment By Brian M On January 17, 2019 @ 9:48 pm

Tom Cullen: I am sure you live in a log cabin built by your own hands out of materials culled from your property?


Then “developers” provided the very place you call home. I would imagine that before your home or apartment were built there was a lovely rural landscape ruined by your neighborhood.